Endometriosis is a common disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It occurs when normal endometrial tissue (the lining of the uterus) grows outside the uterus. This misplaced tissue may implant itself and grow anywhere within the abdominal cavity. The disease is highly unpredictable. Some women may have just a few isolated implants that never spread or grow, while in others the disease may spread throughout the pelvis. Endometriosis irritates surrounding tissue and may produce web like growths of scar tissue called adhesions. The scar tissue can bind the pelvic organs and even cover them entirely. Many women who have endometriosis experience few or no symptoms. However, in some women, endometriosis may cause severe menstrual cramps, pain during intercourse, and infertility.
What is Endometriosis by Dr. Crawford